Assim como no português, o inglês tem muitas palavras que são facilmente confundidas. Vamos estudar as palavras que selecionei abaixo e depois praticar?  

  

costume = clothing, typical style of clothes (roupa, fantasia, vestuário)
custom = a practice that is traditionally followed by a particular group of people (costume)
Customs = Duties or taxes imposed on imported and, less commonly, exported goods. The governmental agency authorized to collect these duties. (Alfândega; impostos e taxas sobre importações) 


dessert = the final course of a meal, usually something sweet (sobremesa)
desert = a hot, dry place (deserto)
 
latter = last of two things mentioned (o/ a último/ a de dois)
later = a time in the future or following a previous action (mais tarde)
 
loose = opposite of tight (solto, frouxo, largo)
lose = to be unable to find something (perder algo que se possui)
 
advise = (verb) act of giving an opinion, counsel (aconselhar)
advice = (noun) opinion given to someone, counseling (conselho)
 
considerable = rather large amount or degree (considerável) 
considerate = thoughtful, polite (educado, atencioso)
 
hard = difficult (difícil, duro)
hardly = (adverb) barely, scarcely (mal)
 
Agora é a vez de ver se você entendeu a diferença entre essas palavras. Preencha as lacunas abaixo com as palavas acima. No caso dos verbos, certifique-se da conjugação correta. Há uma palavra para cada frase:
 
1. It is difficult to survive in the __________ without water.
2. We had an apple pie for ____________ last night.
3. We all decided to wear ____________ to celebrate Carnival.
4. It is the _________ for the bride to wear a White dress on her wedding day.
5. It took us a long time to clear __________at the border.
6. We went to the movies and ________ we had dinner at a fancy restaurant.
7. Germany and England both developed dirigibles to be used during World War II, the ________ primarily for coastal recognition.
8. After being on a diet, she found that her clothes had become so _______ that she had to buy new ones.
9. Don’t _______ your mind. Everything will be all right!
10. If you follow her _____________, you will succeed.
11. The Congress ______________ the president against signing the Treaty last week.
12. She has to make a __________ decision whether to stay or leave her job.
13. He could _________ believe what was happening to him.
14. It was very __________ of you to wait for me.
15. Even though she had _____________ experience in the area, she was not hired for the job.
 
Confira as respostas apenas depois de ter tentado realizar todo o exercício. Combinado?
 
1. It is difficult to survive in the desert without water.
2. We had an apple pie for dessert last night.
3. We all decided to wear costumes to celebrate Carnival.
4. It is the custom for the bride to wear a White dress on her wedding day.
5. It took us a long time to clear customs at the border.
6. We went to the movies and later we had dinner at a fancy restaurant.
7. Germany and England both developed dirigibles to be used during World War II, the latter primarily for coastal recognition.
8. After being on a diet, she found that her clothes had become so loose that she had to buy new ones.
9. Don’t lose your mind. Everything will be all right!
10. If you follow her advice, you will succeed.
11. The Congress advised the president against signing the Treaty.
12. She has to make a hard decision whether to stay or leave her job.
13. He could hardly believe what was happening to him.
14. It was very considerate of you to wait for me.
15. Even though she had considerable experience in the area, she was not hired for the job.
 
Escrito por Lígia Crispino. Publicado em 10.02 na coluna semanal da Exame.com. Editado por Lígia Crispino para o blog da Companhia de Idiomas
 
Lígia Velozo Crispino, fundadora e sócia-diretora da Companhia de Idiomas e do ProfCerto. Graduada em Letras e Tradução pela Unibero. Curso de Business English em Boston pela ELC. Coautora do Guia Corporativo Política de Treinamento para RHs e autora do livro de poemas Fora da Linha. Colunista dos portais RH.com, Vagas Profissões e Revista da Cultura. Organizadora do Sarau Conversar na Livraria Cultura.
 
E se você quer se aprofundar neste assunto, fale com a gente. A Companhia de Idiomas tem professores que vão até a sua casa ou empresa. Fale com: roselicampos@companhiadeidiomas.com.br 
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